NPP Founder, Prof. Bhim Singh’s tributes at Raiscina (Parliament Street) P/S to martyr S. Bhagat Singh & Freedom Fighter B.K. Dutt who threw warning bombs in Assembly in 1929

Photograph of Bhagat Singh taken in 1929 - whe...

Photograph of Bhagat Singh taken in 1929 – when he was 21 years old. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Prof. Bhim Singh, Founder of National Panthers Party, Member of National Integration Council & Sr. Executive Member, Supreme Court Bar Association paid heavy tributes to the freedom fighters who fought and laid down their lives for the freedom of the country. He said that it was for the first time in the history of Independent India that the Panthers Party in cooperation with several members of the civil society, social and political groups organized a historic yatra of S. Bhagat Singh from the Parliament House to the Parliament Street Police Station which was known as Raiscina Police Station in 1929. He wondered why the national leadership remained silent on the historic role of the martyrs. It is great thing that the new generation has taken up the initiative to rewrite the history of the first freedom. I mean to say that the younger generation have to fight for the second freedom of the country to free the Nation from corruption, communalism, criminalization and capitalism which has overpowered the Nation why their horrorful role. I call on the youth of the country on this day to join the movement of the Ultimate Revolution for the victory of the IInd Freedom Movement which may not be fought by the methods which were adopted by the martyrs to achieve Ist Freedom Movement. The IInd Freedom Movement has to be fought and achieved through new thought and power of the ballot. The real tributes to Martyrs shall be that the Rashtriya Chetna Abhiyan shall be carried to every corner of the country, to every soul, to every human being so that justice at all levels shall flow to every door. Capitalism and corruption are no less dangerous than the foreign rule and we should stand to pledge that our fight for IInd Freedom Movement shall bring harmony, peace and complete disarmament all over the world.
This is the time all of us gathered at Parliament Street Police Station today pay tributes to the great martyr. Mangal Pandey who was martyred in 1857 this day 8th April. The sacrifice of Mangal Pandey inspired millions of youth all over the country to join the Freedom Movement. I also feel proud of the participants in this pgoramme included M/s. Sitam Yechury, MP & Leader of the CPM, Yoganand Shastri, Speaker in the Delhi Assembly, GVG Krishnamurthy, Former Election Commissioner of India& Brig. Singh Deo, Former Defence Minister. The brief facts of the history connected with 8th April, 1929.
To subdue the rise of revolutionaries like Bhagat Singh in the country, the British government decided to implement the Defence of India Act 1915, which gave the police a free hand. Influenced by a French anarchist who bombed the French Chamber of Deputies, Singh proposed to the HSRA his plan to explode a bomb inside the Central Legislative Assembly, which was agreed to. Initially it was decided that Batukeshwar Dutt and Sukhdev would plant the bomb while Bhagat Singh would travel to the USSR. However, later the plan was changed. He entrusted Dutt to plant the bomb. On 8 April 1929, Singh and Dutt threw two bombs inside the assembly rushing from Visitor’s Gallery. The smoke from the bomb filled the Hall and they shouted slogans of ‘Inquilab Zindabad!’ (Hindi-Urdu: ‘Long Live the Revolution!’) and showered leaflets. The leaflet claimed that the act was done to oppose the Trade Disputes and the Public Safety Bill being presented in the Central Assembly and the death of Lala Lajapath Rai. Few sustained injuries in the explosion but there were no deaths; Singh and Dutt claimed that the act was intentional. Singh and Dutt were arrested, as planned.
When Mr. Patel from India got up to give his ruling on the Public Safety Bill, two bombs were thrown from a gallery near the seat of George Schuster. The whole House was dispersed in the panic caused. Seorge Schuster and B. Dalal were injured while few other members received minor injuries. Bhagat Singh and Dutt were arrested by the British. Ten minutes later the Assembly got reassembled. The Chamber was filled with smoke. Mr. Patel adjourned the House till next Thursday. A red pamphlet ‘Hindustan Socialist Republican Army’ signed by Bal Raj, Hony. Chief, was thrown into the blazing fire. The police locked the Council House and prevented the movement of the visitors. J. Simon was also in the President’s Gallery when the bomb fell. Sir G. Schuster, Sir B. Dalal, Mr. Raghavendra Rao and Mr. Shanker Rao were among the injured. Batukeswar Dutt from Bengal and Bhagat Singh from the Punjab were arrested.
Trial along with his comrades Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev Thapar, Batukeshwar Dutt was tried in the Central Assembly Bomb Case, and was sentenced in 1929 to life imprisonment by the Sessions Judge of Delhi under Section 307 of the Indian Penal Code & Section 4 of the Explosive Substances Act.
S. Bhagat Singh was hanged in 1931
He was involved in another murder case and sentenced to death in a hasty trial in 1931. Seeking revenge for the death of Lala Lajpat Rai at the hands of the police, Singh was involved in the assassination of British police officer John Saunders. He eluded efforts by the police to capture him. Together with Batukeshwar Dutt, he undertook a successful effort to throw two bombs and leaflets inside the Central Legislative Assembly while shouting slogans of Inquilab Zindabad. Subsequently they volunteered to surrender and be arrested. Held on this charge, he gained widespread national support when he underwent a 116 day fast in jail, demanding equal rights for British and Indian political prisoners. During this time, sufficient evidence was brought against him for a conviction in the Saunders case, after trial by a Special Tribunal and appeal at the Privy Council in England. He was convicted and subsequently hanged for his participation in the murder, aged 23.
Last days of Batukeshwar Dutt
After his release from prison Batukeshwar Dutt contracted tuberculosis. He nonetheless participated in the Quit India Movement of Mahatma Gandhi and was again jailed for four years. After India gained independence, he married Anjali in November 1947. It is sad that independent India did not accord him any recognition, and he spent his remaining life in penury away from political limelight, a forgotten hero. Batukeshwar Dutt outlived all his comrades and died on 20 July 1965 in the AIIMS in Delhi after his long illness. He was cremated in Hussainiwala near Firozepur in Punjab where the bodies of his comrades Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were also cremated many years ago. He was survived by his only daughter, Mrs. Bharti Bagchi, in Patna where his house was situated in the Jakkanpur area.

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